Ubuntu Openconnect Cisco Anyconnect

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  1. Cisco Anyconnect Linux
  2. Cisco Anyconnect Windows 10
  3. Ubuntu Openconnect Cisco Anyconnect Password

I installed Cisco AnyConnect Compatible VPN (openconnect) $ sudo apt-get install network-manager-openconnect Reading package lists. Done Building dependency tree Reading state information. Done network-manager-openconnect is already the newest version. But when I go to add a VPN I don't have the option of adding an openconnect vpn. OpenConnect is an SSL VPN client initially created to support Cisco’s AnyConnect SSL VPN. It has since been ported to support the Juniper SSL VPN which is now known as Pulse Connect Secure. I also see frequent dpd triggering on Ubuntu 13.04 (and I think in 12.10 also) using openconnect client as well as cisco anyconnect client (the latter being unusable). The advice regarding keep alives and dpd interval you found looks promising. But these are configuration options that have to changed on the server side.

Introduction

Cisco Anyconnect Linux

OCserv is the OpenConnect VPN server. Its purpose is to be a secure, small, fast and configurable VPN server. It implements the OpenConnect SSL VPN protocol, and has also (currently experimental) compatibility with clients using the AnyConnect SSL VPN protocol. The OpenConnect protocol provides a dual TCP/UDP VPN channel, and uses the standard IETF security protocols to secure it. The server is implemented primarily for the GNU/Linux platform but its code is designed to be portable to other UNIX variants as well. From Ubuntu 16.04 onward, OCserv is included in the standard Ubuntu repositories, so you do not need to compile it from source. In this tutorial the iOS 12.2 client, which could be an iPad or an iPhone, will connect to the VPN server using the Cisco AnyConnect VPN client.

Install packages on server

Log on to your server and install the OCserv package:

We will also need the GnuTLS package, since we use the GnuTLS utilities to generate our public key infrastructure (keys and certificates):

Build and Install

We can use self-signed certificates or using a purchased commercial certificate from CA certificate providers, such as Comodo, StartSSL, WoSign and etc.

Make CA certificate and server certificate

The GnuTLS certificate tool (certtool) allows you to specify the fields for your certificates in a configuration template file.

Start by creating a configuration template file for your Certificate Authority (CA) certificate:

Press the I key on your keyboard to enter insert mode.

Enter the following fields into the CA configuration file, customizing the values as you prefer:

When you have finished entering the above, escape from insert mode, write the file to disk, and quit the editor.

Now generate a key and certificate for your CA, using the CA configuration template file you just created:

Now create a server certificate template file:

Press the I key on your keyboard to enter insert mode.

Enter the following fields into the server configuration file. Note that in the common name (cn) field, you must specify your actual server IP address or hostname (shown as vpn.xuri.me in the example that follows):

When you have finished entering the above, escape from insert mode, write the file to disk, and quit the editor.

Generate the server key and certificate, using the configuration template file:

Use commercial certificate

For example I use WoSign Free SSL Certificates. I got 1_vpn.xuri.me_bundle.crt and 2_vpn.xuri.me.key two files. Convert .crt certificate to .pem format:

Cisco Anyconnect Windows 10

Convert .key file to .pem format:

Anyconnect

Put server-cert.pem and server-key.pem on path /etc/ocserv/, and set file permission 600.

If you are use CA certificates issued by StartSSL, you have got certificate cert.crt file, I some case you should create certificate chain and merge sub certificate and root certificate like this:

Generate Certificates with Let's Encrypt

Cisco

Confirm the port in the file /lib/systemd/system/ocserv.socket not used by other program, and generate certificates by certbot:

Select 1 and input domain name, certificates file located at /etc/letsencrypt/live/vpn.xuri.me/fullchain.pem, /etc/letsencrypt/live/vpn.xuri.me/privkey.pem.

Configure the OpenConnect VPN server

Edit the OCserv sample configuration file that is provided in /etc/ocserv:

Use the editor to comment out (#) the default values and replace them with those shown in the example that follows:

When you have finished entering the above, escape from insert mode, write the file to disk, and quit the editor.

Create user id and password

Generate a user id and password that you will use to authenticate from AnyConnect to OCserv. For example, if you want your user id to be xuri:

You will be prompted to enter a password twice. The password will not be displayed on your terminal:

Enable packet forwarding

Allow forwarding in the Linux kernel by editing the system control configuration file:

Ubuntu Openconnect Cisco Anyconnect

Delete the # sign at the start to uncomment the line:

Write the file to disk and quit the editor, and make this change active now:

Open firewall

Open the server firewall for SSL:

Enable network address translation (NAT):

Assuming you have already installed iptables-persistent, reconfigure it to make your changes persist across server reboots:

Start OpenConnect VPN server

Check that nothing is already listening on port 443:

The command sudo lsof -i then showed systemd listening to port 443 on IPv6. I do not know why systemd was doing this. The command systemctl -all list-sockets showed the related unit as ocserv.socket. The solution was to issue the command sudo systemctl stop ocserv.socket.

Start OCserv:

or

Check that it is now listening on port 443 with the command:

Ubuntu Openconnect Cisco Anyconnect

Optimization

Vpn

Add ocserv to system service:

Write the following script in the configuration file:

Now we can use service ocserv start and service ocserv stop to control the service.

Smart shunt

Set up no-route in the configuration file by your own rules.

Make CA certificate available for download

Your client such as Mac, iPad or iPhone needs to be able to validate the server certificate. To allow it to do this, you must install your CA certificate on the iPad or iPhone as a trusted root certificate. The first step in this is to make the CA certificate available for download from your server.

Open the firewall so that you can reach the server from a browser:

Install Apache:

Copy the CA certificate into the web root folder:

Download and install CA certificate

Connect OCserv on Mac

Download and install Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client for OS X with last version. Add your server IP address (e.g. vpn.xuri.me):

Enter your username:

Enter your password:

Connect to VPN

Connect OCserv on mobile client

Now go to your iOS device (iPad or iPhone).

Open the Safari browser.

Browse to the location of the CA certificate at your server’s IP address. For example, if your server is located at vpn.xuri.me, then in Safari you would browse to:

Follow the prompts to install the CA certificate as a 'Profile' on your iOS 12.2 device.

Once the 'Profile' (i.e., certificate) is installed, tap on Done:

Install AnyConnect on iOS 12.2 client

On your iPad or iPhone, open the the App Store, and search for Cisco AnyConnect or desktop client.

Configure AnyConnect on iOS 12.2 client

Open the AnyConnect app.

Ubuntu Openconnect Cisco Anyconnect Password

Tap on Connections.

Tap on Add VPN Connection.

  • Description is whatever you want
  • Server Address is your server IP address (e.g. vpn.xuri.me)

Tap Save.

Connect to VPN

Now connect from your iPad or iPhone to your VPN.

You will be prompted to enter your username (the one you set up with ocpasswd a few minutes ago, for example, xuri):

You will be prompted to enter your password (the one you set up for that username when you invoked ocpasswd):

The AnyConnect VPN toggle goes green when you are connected:

(Also, if you log on to your server and use a command such as sudo tail /var/log/syslog, you will see messages such as sec-mod: initiating session for user 'xuri'.)

Troubleshooting

Client get error: The secure gateway has rejected the connection attempt. A new connection attempt to the same or another secure gateway is needed, which requires re-authentication.

Add MTU settings mtu = 1480 in the configuration file and restart the service.