Windows Rdp Protocol

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  1. Windows Rdp Protocol Download
  2. Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol Rdp

The Remote Desktop Protocol, commonly referred to as RDP, is a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft that is used to provide a graphical means of connecting to a network-connected computer. RDP client and server support has been present in varying capacities in most every Windows version since NT. Although, Windows 10 Home is equipped with Remote Desktop Client Software, it lacks the propriety RDP server from Microsoft, required for accessing remote computers. Enable Remote Desktop Using Settings. The easiest way to Enable Remote Desktop connection in Windows 10 is by going to Settings on your computer. Go to Settings System.

The reason this vulnerability (Windows Remote Desktop Protocol Weak Encryption method) shows up is because “Allow connections only from computers running Remote Desktop with Network Level Authentication (NLA)” is disabled (unchecked) on the server in remote settings. For us to fix this vulnerability, we will need to enable (check) this option.



  • Windows 10
  • Cloud only, Hybrid, and On-premises only Windows Hello for Business deployments
  • Azure AD joined, Hybrid Azure AD joined, and Enterprise joined devices

Windows Hello for Business supports using a certificate deployed to a Windows Hello for Business container as a supplied credential to establish a remote desktop connection to a server or another device. This functionality is not supported for key trust deployments. This feature takes advantage of the redirected smart card capabilities of the remote desktop protocol. Windows Hello for Business key trust can be used with Windows Defender Remote Credential Guard.

Microsoft continues to investigate supporting using keys trust for supplied credentials in a future release.

Remote Desktop with Biometrics


  • Cloud only, Hybrid, and On-premises only Windows Hello for Business deployments
  • Azure AD joined, Hybrid Azure AD joined, and Enterprise joined devices
  • Biometric enrollments
  • Windows 10, version 1809

Users using earlier versions of Windows 10 could remote desktop to using Windows Hello for Business but were limited to the using their PIN as their authentication gesture. Windows 10, version 1809 introduces the ability for users to authenticate to a remote desktop session using their Windows Hello for Business biometric gesture. The feature is on by default, so your users can take advantage of it as soon as they upgrade to Windows 10, version 1809.

Windows Rdp Protocol

How does it work

Windows generates and stores cryptographic keys using a software component called a key storage provider (KSP). Software-based keys are created and stored using the Microsoft Software Key Storage Provider. Smart card keys are created and stored using the Microsoft Smart Card Key Storage Provider. Keys created and protected by Windows Hello for Business are created and stored using the Microsoft Passport Key Storage Provider.

A certificate on a smart card starts with creating an asymmetric key pair using the Microsoft Smart Card KSP. Windows requests a certificate based on the key pair from your enterprises issuing certificate authority, which returns a certificate that is stored in the user's Personal certificate store. The private key remains on the smart card and the public key is stored with the certificate. Metadata on the certificate (and the key) store the key storage provider used to create the key (remember the certificate contains the public key).

This same concept applies to Windows Hello for Business. Except, the keys are created using the Microsoft Passport KSP and the user's private key remains protected by the device's security module (TPM) and the user's gesture (PIN/biometric). The certificate APIs hide this complexity. When an application uses a certificate, the certificate APIs locate the keys using the saved key storage provider. The key storage providers directs the certificate APIs on which provider they use to find the private key associated with the certificate. This is how Windows knows you have a smart card certificate without the smart card inserted (and prompts you to insert the smart card).

Windows Hello for Business emulates a smart card for application compatibility. Versions of Windows 10 prior to version 1809, would redirect private key access for Windows Hello for Business certificate to use its emulated smart card using the Microsoft Smart Card KSP, which would enable the user to provide their PIN. Windows 10, version 1809 no longer redirects private key access for Windows Hello for Business certificates to the Microsoft Smart Card KSP-- it continues using the Microsoft Passport KSP. The Microsoft Passport KSP enabled Windows 10 to prompt the user for their biometric gesture or PIN.


Users appreciate convenience of biometrics and administrators value the security however, you may experience compatibility issues with your applications and Windows Hello for Business certificates. You can relax knowing a Group Policy setting and a MDM URI exist to help you revert to the previous behavior for those users who need it.


The remote desktop with biometric feature does not work with Dual Enrollment feature or scenarios where the user provides alternative credentials. Microsoft continues to investigate supporting the feature.


Related topics

There are numerous reasons behind the use of remote desktops, which play a crucial role in today’s IT software ecosystem. If you’re providing support services for desktops and laptops, working with virtual servers or applications, or working in a company in which the offices are distributed nationally or internationally, you’ll be using remote desktop software.

Windows systems come with a built-in protocol for remote connections. Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) provides a graphical interface through which users can connect to a remote computer via a network connection. However, there are now several RDP alternatives on the market, designed to address potential functionality gaps. My top recommendation for a remote desktop alternative is SolarWinds® Dameware®, offering an on-premises and a cloud version, both designed to facilitate the easy handling of remote desktop issues.

What Is RDP?

RDP, short for Remote Desktop Protocol, is a protocol developed by Microsoft. It allows you to connect to another computer using a graphical user interface, so you can interact with the remote machine. You can control a remote desktop session and delete or copy text between applications running on the host machine and the guest machine. This helps with remote troubleshooting and issue resolution, so IT staff won’t need to go directly to the computer experiencing the problem.

However, with the rise of cybercrime have come warnings about the security of RDP. Moreover, several RDP alternatives have appeared on the market, many of which offer much more in the way of capabilities depending on your specific needs. If you’re looking for an alternative to Remote Desktop Protocol, consider the options below.

Best Remote Desktop Alternatives

Windows Rdp Protocol Download


Dameware Remote Support is a significant upgrade from RDP, designed to provide all of the same features as the Microsoft protocol along with added features that help enhance problem resolution and cybersecurity on remote devices. Like RDP, DRS makes it easy to connect remotely to other computers. With additional features built to go beyond those in RDP, DRS makes for a comprehensive and easy-to-use remote desktop connection manager alternative.

Like RDP, DRS offers multi-platform remote access, with support for Mac, Windows, and Linux computers. In an enterprise setting, for example, it can work across your Windows desktops, Linux servers, and Mac devices staff may connect with from home. That includes providing access to computers from Android and Apple devices including tablets, which are not supported in RDP.

Both RDP and DRS offer the ability to connect over both the internet and LAN. This is particularly important in DRS since this, along with the tool’s other features, can help facilitate straightforward troubleshooting. With both DRS and RDP, you can remotely reboot entire systems or stop services and processes if something is causing the system to fail. DRS is designed to go beyond that, though—it includes system tools that allow you to fix problems on a computer you’re connected to remotely without having to interrupt the user’s session. DRS, like RDP, also lets you directly copy and paste—or delete—text in applications between the host and guest machine.

Dameware Remote Support offers a free trial for up to 14 days.

Another good option to consider, particularly if you are working in a cloud-based IT environment, is Dameware Remote Everywhere. DRE is in some ways the same tool as DRS, but it offers slightly different features.

First, DRE is designed for use in the cloud, which means it is accessible from any compatible device with internet connection. RDP also connects to remote devices over the internet; however, a distinction between the two tools may arise when it comes to speed. While DRE has a particular focus on speed, with remote connections typically established within eight seconds, RDP typically has slower connection times.

DRE also includes additional features for taking screenshots and recording during remote sessions and connecting with the user through VoIP or video call. RDP doesn’t natively include these features, with the only way to record or take screenshots during remote sessions is by implementing outside tools and procedures.

Dameware Remote Everywhere offers a free trial for 14 days.

Royal TS provides support for RDP and other connection protocols, including VNC, SSH, FTP and SFTP, and connection through web-based interfaces. Like other professional tools, it includes credentials management and sharing features, so you don’t need to log in repeatedly. It also provides remote troubleshooting capabilities.

One of the unique features of Royal TS is it can create command tasks and key sequence tasks, which allow you to create your own tasks and automate parts of your troubleshooting processes. For example, ping and traceroute are built in, and you can automate repetitive tasks, so you can execute them as soon as a connection is established.

Royal TS distinguishes itself from RDP when it comes to credential allocation. While RDP lets you save and share credentials between teammates, it does not let you save credentials tied to a remote desktop gateway. Not only does Royal TS let you create objects and folders and dynamically allocate credentials, it also lets you link folders and connections to inherit credentials. These features are designed to facilitate strong access and security measures.

Royal TS offers a free download of its “Lite” version, which allows up to 10 connections and 10 credentials. The paid version is also available through the developer’s website.

If you’re looking for an RDP alternative specifically for use with Mac computers or mobile devices, Edovia produces many products, including several versions of Screens.

Screens iOS allows you to control other computers from your iPhone or iPad, using an SSH connection. It can connect to Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, and Windows PCs, using the Screens Connect app. You can view the current session (e.g., for troubleshooting), or start a new session.

Screens Mac provides the same capabilities as Screens iOS, but from Mac OS systems.

There is a free trial of Screens Mac, and a free version, called Screens Express, with limited usage for specific circumstances. Screens Mac is downloadable through the Edovia website. You can buy Screens iOS from the App Store.


Terminals is an open-source remote desktop manager intended to manage the problem of controlling multiple connections simultaneously. It integrates RDP as one of the protocols it supports, but also works with VNC, VMRC, SSH, Telnet, RAS, Citrix ICA, and HTTP and HTTPs.

It includes several basic features to make the remote connection experience smoother, including a multi-tab interface, resizable windows, customizable toolbars, and a connections history, so you can see which machines you have connected to recently. You can also search by server name and look at protocol notes. This tool is high-quality, but basic, and it may not be suitable for a large enterprise needing a greater set of features for IT support and troubleshooting management.

You can download Terminals for free on Github.

As a free tool, Terminals is a mRemoteNG alternative. For a comparison of mRemoteNG vs. Terminals, look at both repositories in Github to view the documentation, as it gets a little technical.

How to Choose an RDP Alternative

There are several factors behind choosing a good RDP alternative, but your decision will in large part depend on the number of connections you’re dealing with, the type of information in your environment (e.g., if it’s sensitive and needs extra security), and the size of your enterprise.

Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol Rdp

A free or open-source tool might be suitable in a low-risk, small business environment, in which case Terminals is a good choice. For a large enterprise or a company with sensitive data, invest in a professional tool such as Dameware Remote Support or Dameware Remote Everywhere.